What is Executive Functioning?
- Inhibit: Ability to control impulses (inhibitory control) and to stop engaging in a behavior.
- Shift: Ability to move freely from one activity or situation to another; to tolerate change; to switch or alternate attention.
- Emotional Control: Ability to regulate emotional responses appropriately.
- Working memory: Ability to hold information when completing a task, when encoding information, or when generating goals/plans in a sequential manner.
- Plan/organize: Ability to anticipate future events; to set goals; to develop steps; to grasp main ideas; to organize and understand the main points in written or verbal presentations.
- Organization of materials: Ability to put order in work, play, and storage spaces (e.g., desks, lockers, backpacks, and bedrooms).
- Monitor: Ability to check work and to assess one’s own performance; ability to keep track of the effect of one’s own behavior on other people.
- Initiate: Ability to begin an activity and to independently generate ideas or problem-solving strategies.